Research: The places hit hardest by Brexit are the least equipped to prosper in the digital economy

by Liam Byrne | 11.12.17

The places hit hardest by Brexit are the least equipped to prosper in the digital economy, according to research I commissioned from the House of Commons Library.

The research shows that the 95 council areas expected to be hit hardest by Brexit have average download speeds that are 65% worse than the areas hurt least by Brexit.

Quartile10-year reduction in GVA (%)Average download speed (Mbps)
Quartile 1 (Average of 95 authorities hit hardest by Brexit)-2.40%24.1
Quartile 2-2.10%37
Quartile 3-1.90%45.7
Quartile 4 (Average of 95 authorities hit least by Brexit)-0.50%68.6

Download table

Local Authority% Change in GVA 2015 to 10 years after Hard BrexitAverage download speed (Mbps)
City of London-4.3%13.8
Aberdeen City-3.7%22.7
Tower Hamlets-3.6%22.2
Watford-3.1%50.8
Mole Valley-3.0%39.6
Brentwood-2.8%24.1
Craven-2.8%30.8
East Hertfordshire-2.8%40.1
Islington-2.8%40.2
Slough-2.8%41.4
Wokingham-2.8%42.9
Reigate and Banstead-2.8%43.0
Halton-2.8%46.0
Reading-2.8%46.4
Swindon-2.8%48.1
Three Rivers-2.8%49.5
Worthing-2.8%53.7
Westminster-2.7%22.0
Eastleigh-2.7%39.1
South Cambridgeshire-2.7%39.7
Salford-2.7%41.7
Bracknell Forest-2.7%44.9
Camden-2.7%45.5
Bournemouth-2.7%46.0
Edinburgh, City of-2.7%47.2
St Albans-2.7%47.3
Hertsmere-2.7%48.3
Tunbridge Wells-2.6%32.4
Basingstoke and Deane-2.6%36.0
Hackney-2.6%36.9
Leeds-2.6%40.4
Trafford-2.6%43.7
Harrow-2.6%45.2
Epsom and Ewell-2.6%45.4
Ipswich-2.6%45.6
Bromley-2.6%47.0
Elmbridge-2.6%48.8
Northampton-2.6%48.9
Kingston upon Thames-2.6%49.6
Surrey Heath-2.6%51.2
Stockton-2.6%51.3
Nottingham-2.6%51.6
Bristol, City of-2.6%52.4
Hart-2.6%52.6
Rushmoor-2.6%57.3
Milton Keynes-2.5%26.9
Cheshire West and Chester-2.5%28.4
Cheshire East-2.5%31.9
Southwark-2.5%32.8
Barnet-2.5%33.4
Manchester-2.5%33.6
Lambeth-2.5%35.2
Glasgow City-2.5%36.3
Windsor and Maidenhead-2.5%37.1
Chiltern-2.5%38.3
Blaby-2.5%38.8
Dartford-2.5%38.9
South Oxfordshire-2.5%41.8
North Tyneside-2.5%42.0
Croydon-2.5%42.8
Dacorum-2.5%43.8
Redbridge-2.5%44.3
Warrington-2.5%45.2
Runnymede-2.5%45.7
Merton-2.5%46.6
Welwyn Hatfield-2.5%48.2
Cardiff-2.5%48.5
Guildford-2.5%49.9
Cambridge-2.5%52.0
Woking-2.5%52.8
Broxbourne-2.5%53.1
Peterborough-2.5%53.2
Brighton and Hove-2.5%53.5
South Gloucestershire-2.5%53.5
Havant-2.5%53.6
Gloucester-2.5%56.5
Vale of White Horse-2.5%68.6
St Edmundsbury-2.4%23.8
Waverley-2.4%29.9
Hammersmith and Fulham-2.4%30.5
Calderdale-2.4%30.6
East Hampshire-2.4%30.8
Winchester-2.4%31.6
Bury-2.4%33.2
West Lothian-2.4%34.5
Chelmsford-2.4%35.1
Wandsworth-2.4%35.8
Preston-2.4%42.2
Liverpool-2.4%44.0
Southend-2.4%44.3
Exeter-2.4%45.7
Cheltenham-2.4%48.3
Poole-2.4%48.5
Fareham-2.4%48.8
Stockport-2.4%50.4
Richmond upon Thames-2.4%50.8
Darlington-2.4%51.4
Inverclyde-2.4%51.9
Middlesbrough-2.4%52.6
Harlow-2.4%54.5
Broxtowe-2.4%54.6
Stevenage-2.4%57.4
Taunton Deane-2.3%21.8
Mid Sussex-2.3%26.4
Bolsover-2.3%29.8
Wycombe-2.3%30.2
Broadland-2.3%32.2
Shepway-2.3%32.8
Wiltshire-2.3%33.2
Lewisham-2.3%33.6
Sevenoaks-2.3%34.0
West Berkshire-2.3%35.3
Harrogate-2.3%38.2
Maidstone-2.3%38.4
Vale of Glamorgan-2.3%38.9
Coventry-2.3%40.7
Aylesbury Vale-2.3%42.0
York-2.3%42.2
Epping Forest-2.3%42.4
Test Valley-2.3%42.6
Tonbridge and Malling-2.3%42.9
Warwick-2.3%43.5
Sefton-2.3%43.6
Waltham Forest-2.3%44.3
North West Leicestershire-2.3%44.4
Knowsley-2.3%45.7
Havering-2.3%45.9
Birmingham-2.3%46.6
North Hertfordshire-2.3%47.1
Renfrewshire-2.3%47.3
Thurrock-2.3%47.8
Swansea-2.3%47.8
Norwich-2.3%48.0
East Renfrewshire-2.3%48.4
Rushcliffe-2.3%48.4
Sutton-2.3%48.9
Solihull-2.3%49.3
Redcar and Cleveland-2.3%54.2
Lincoln-2.3%56.2
Aberdeenshire-2.2%19.2
Canterbury-2.2%22.1
Thanet-2.2%23.2
Horsham-2.2%26.0
South Bucks-2.2%29.9
Doncaster-2.2%29.9
Bromsgrove-2.2%30.1
Bath and North East Somerset-2.2%31.3
East Cambridgeshire-2.2%31.4
Newham-2.2%33.0
Rossendale-2.2%33.6
Ashford-2.2%35.0
Rochdale-2.2%35.5
Tandridge-2.2%35.8
Castle Point-2.2%36.6
Wirral-2.2%38.1
Greenwich-2.2%38.1
Chorley-2.2%38.1
Great Yarmouth-2.2%38.9
Newcastle upon Tyne-2.2%39.1
Rugby-2.2%39.3
Gateshead-2.2%39.9
Bexley-2.2%40.2
Spelthorne-2.2%41.4
Stafford-2.2%42.4
Haringey-2.2%43.4
Bedford-2.2%44.2
Bolton-2.2%45.2
Enfield-2.2%46.3
Derby-2.2%48.0
North Lanarkshire-2.2%49.9
Mansfield-2.2%50.1
Medway-2.2%52.8
Portsmouth-2.2%53.4
West Dunbartonshire-2.2%60.0
Lancaster-2.2%64.8
Midlothian-2.1%18.1
Stirling-2.1%20.2
Denbighshire-2.1%20.7
South Norfolk-2.1%21.0
East Ayrshire-2.1%21.0
North Devon-2.1%21.2
Bridgend-2.1%21.8
Rother-2.1%22.1
Hastings-2.1%23.3
Lewes-2.1%23.4
Mendip-2.1%24.9
Eastbourne-2.1%25.0
North Ayrshire-2.1%25.2
Chesterfield-2.1%27.6
Staffordshire Moorlands-2.1%29.0
Fylde-2.1%29.2
Cotswold-2.1%30.0
Sheffield-2.1%30.6
Torbay-2.1%32.1
Fife-2.1%33.2
Harborough-2.1%34.0
Tewkesbury-2.1%35.4
Brent-2.1%36.6
Blackburn with Darwen-2.1%37.4
Colchester-2.1%38.8
Bradford-2.1%38.9
Daventry-2.1%39.1
Sunderland-2.1%39.6
Central Bedfordshire-2.1%40.9
Gravesham-2.1%42.1
Barking and Dagenham-2.1%42.8
Charnwood-2.1%43.2
South Lanarkshire-2.1%44.4
West Oxfordshire-2.1%45.4
Newport-2.1%45.7
Tamworth-2.1%45.7
St. Helens-2.1%47.5
Leicester-2.1%47.8
South Tyneside-2.1%50.2
East Dunbartonshire-2.1%51.4
Plymouth-2.1%54.1
Adur-2.1%54.3
Dundee City-2.1%54.9
North East Lincolnshire-2.1%61.0
Stratford-2.1%
Newcastle-2.1%
Rhondda, Cynon, Taff-2.1%
Maldon-2.0%18.7
Mid Suffolk-2.0%19.1
Scottish Borders-2.0%19.6
Gwynedd-2.0%21.7
South Staffordshire-2.0%21.9
East Dorset-2.0%22.1
Northumberland-2.0%22.3
County Durham-2.0%22.6
Babergh-2.0%22.7
Wyre-2.0%22.9
Arun-2.0%23.1
Weymouth and Portland-2.0%24.7
North Warwickshire-2.0%25.0
New Forest-2.0%25.6
Suffolk Coastal-2.0%25.8
Worcester-2.0%27.6
Teignbridge-2.0%27.6
North Somerset-2.0%27.8
South Northamptonshire-2.0%29.9
Torfaen-2.0%30.2
Christchurch-2.0%35.7
Kirklees-2.0%36.9
Lichfield-2.0%37.3
Ealing-2.0%38.1
Huntingdonshire-2.0%38.2
Wyre Forest-2.0%38.3
Oldham-2.0%40.4
South Ribble-2.0%42.7
Telford and Wrekin-2.0%43.1
Basildon-2.0%44.1
Cherwell-2.0%44.5
Southampton-2.0%45.1
Wigan-2.0%48.0
Nuneaton and Bedworth-2.0%48.3
Oxford-2.0%49.2
Redditch-2.0%50.9
Luton-2.0%53.3
Falkirk-2.0%53.9
Hartlepool-2.0%56.1
Stoke-2.0%
Highland-1.9%17.4
Malvern Hills-1.9%19.0
Torridge-1.9%19.5
Conwy-1.9%19.6
East Lothian-1.9%19.6
Stroud-1.9%20.4
Tendring-1.9%20.4
South Hams-1.9%20.4
Breckland-1.9%21.0
Caerphilly-1.9%21.2
Clackmannanshire-1.9%21.2
Braintree-1.9%21.3
West Dorset-1.9%21.4
Blaenau Gwent-1.9%21.6
East Staffordshire-1.9%21.6
Wealden-1.9%23.1
Chichester-1.9%23.2
Isle of Wight-1.9%23.3
Rochford-1.9%23.5
Purbeck-1.9%23.7
East Riding of Yorkshire-1.9%26.2
Wakefield-1.9%29.3
Rotherham-1.9%29.6
Perth and Kinross-1.9%30.2
Swale-1.9%33.6
Tameside-1.9%33.6
Walsall-1.9%40.2
Wellingborough-1.9%40.4
Kensington and Chelsea-1.9%40.4
Blackpool-1.9%42.9
Burnley-1.9%46.7
Wolverhampton-1.9%47.0
Gosport-1.9%50.1
Gedling-1.9%51.9
Rutland-1.9%58.3
King`s Lynn and West Norfolk-1.9%
Ceredigion-1.8%16.8
West Devon-1.8%17.4
Mid Devon-1.8%17.6
Monmouthshire-1.8%19.6
Pembrokeshire-1.8%19.8
South Somerset-1.8%20.0
North Dorset-1.8%20.6
Boston-1.8%21.3
Bassetlaw-1.8%21.5
High Peak-1.8%21.6
Richmondshire-1.8%21.6
Cornwall-1.8%21.9
Shropshire-1.8%21.9
South Lakeland-1.8%22.2
Selby-1.8%23.0
South Ayrshire-1.8%23.9
Angus-1.8%24.6
Carlisle-1.8%25.8
Kingston upon Hull, City of-1.8%27.3
East Northamptonshire-1.8%43.0
Hillingdon-1.8%46.7
Kettering-1.8%47.4
Ashfield-1.8%53.3
Eilean Siar-1.8%
Argyll and Bute-1.7%14.6
Carmarthenshire-1.7%16.6
Derbyshire Dales-1.7%18.2
Copeland-1.7%20.8
West Lancashire-1.7%21.5
Wrexham-1.7%21.8
Flintshire-1.7%22.0
Ribble Valley-1.7%23.0
Uttlesford-1.7%23.7
Scarborough-1.7%24.3
South Derbyshire-1.7%26.0
East Devon-1.7%26.9
West Lindsey-1.7%27.7
Cannock Chase-1.7%29.1
Barnsley-1.7%31.3
Dover-1.7%31.4
South Kesteven-1.7%33.3
Hinckley and Bosworth-1.7%41.2
Oadby and Wigston-1.7%43.8
Dudley-1.7%47.2
Barrow-1.7%
Orkney Islands-1.6%13.5
Shetland Islands-1.6%15.7
Powys-1.6%15.8
West Somerset-1.6%17.4
North Norfolk-1.6%19.5
Wychavon-1.6%21.9
East Lindsey-1.6%22.1
Sedgemoor-1.6%24.4
Hambleton-1.6%26.4
Forest Heath-1.6%29.7
North Kesteven-1.6%36.3
Newark and Sherwood-1.6%37.1
Hyndburn-1.6%38.1
Sandwell-1.6%38.3
Erewash-1.6%45.8
Herefordshire, County of-1.5%18.7
Merthyr Tydfil-1.5%19.4
Waveney-1.5%24.6
Pendle-1.5%35.4
Forest of Dean-1.4%17.8
Dumfries and Galloway-1.4%18.5
North East Derbyshire-1.4%20.3
Allerdale-1.4%20.9
Amber Valley-1.4%21.5
Ryedale-1.4%22.2
Fenland-1.4%29.4
Neath Port Talbot-1.4%44.4
Eden-1.3%18.9
Moray-1.3%20.1
North Lincolnshire-1.3%38.1
Corby-1.3%55.3
Anglesey-1.2%
South Holland-1.1%20.9
Isles of Scilly-1.1%29.0
Crawley-1.1%52.1
Melton-0.8%35.4
Hounslow-0.5%47.8

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